Edgar Ritchard was born in Sydney Australia on 8th June 1908. He studied under Thea Proctor and Julian Ashton at the Sydney Art School. In 1928 he came to London where he studied at the Chelsea Polytechnic under Henry Moore, Graham Sutherland and Harold Williamson, and at the Slade under Henry Tonks (1929-1930). He worked in theatre and costume design.
He worked at the Shilling Theatre with his two friends Augustus John and Frank Dobson.
In 1946 he returned to Australia and became a member of the Merioola Group in Sydney.